Examination of fire alarm systems
The fire alarm system is a set of devices, installations and equipment that serves for the timely detection of fire and the transmission of information about the occurrence of a fire to the place where the fire is extinguished, as well as the management of other safety systems (fire dampers, doors, stable fire extinguishing systems), and consists of fire detectors (automatic and/or manual), reporting lines, fire alarm control panel, power source, alarm device and information transmission device, if information about the occurrence of a fire, for the purpose of extinguishing, must be transmitted outside the place where the fire alarm control panel is located.
The correctness of the fire alarm system is checked by the first test and periodic tests.
The first test is a correctness check that is performed before the technical inspection of the newly constructed building (facility) or after the reconstruction of the system. For installed stable installations intended for fire alarm, the contractor is obliged to obtain a certificate from an authorized legal entity about the correct operation of these installations and devices.
Periodic testing is a correctness check that is performed periodically, at prescribed time intervals after the first test. The law on fire protection stipulates that the correctness of the mentioned installations must be checked periodically at least once a year by an authorized legal entity, in accordance with technical standards, norms and manufacturer's instructions.
In addition to periodic testing, the user is obliged to regularly check the fire alarm system as part of regular maintenance and in the event of a malfunction. The correctness of the fire alarm system is checked at least 2 (two) times a year at approximately the same time intervals, and in cases of a decrease in the permanent operational readiness of the system, malfunctioning of the system or changes that affect the monitoring of the fire alarm system (e.g. conversion of a room or reshaping the space) and in cases of interference with the fire alarm system.