Testing of electrical installations
The employer is obliged to periodically test electrical installations at least once every 4 years. This obligation stems from the Technical Regulation for low-voltage electrical installations (Official Gazette 5/10). If the employer cannot present the documentation on the conducted tests, a ban on working in the workplace will be ordered during the implementation of the inspection.
An extraordinary inspection of the electrical installation should be carried out after every change or addition, that is, after every extraordinary event that can affect the technical properties of the electrical installation and upon request of the inspection supervision.
Electrical installations can at certain times represent a source of danger to the life and health of persons who come into contact with them, or the equipment connected to them, and they can also represent a source of fire, the consequences of which can be extremely harmful.
Defective electrical installations for business purposes cause stoppages in production, damage to work equipment or injuries to workers, which very often result in death. As according to analyzes of injuries whose source is electricity, in addition to work contrary to the rules of occupational safety, the most numerous sources of serious injury to workers are poorly maintained and irregularly tested electrical installations, preventive maintenance and periodic testing of installations must be a priority measure in the implementation of measures to improve safety at work.
In business facilities, the inspection of electrical installations helps to manage risks harmful to the health and safety of workers, therefore inspections and tests that are carried out on a regular basis have a significant effect on reducing the number of injuries and accidents at work, as well as reducing the costs resulting from them.